On World Food Day, October 16th 2018, the End Hunger UK campaign convened its second annual conference in Westminster to discuss the growing movement around household food insecurity in the UK. Charlie Spring of Sheffield University reports…
A broad coalition of food aid providers, think tanks, faith leaders, researchers, local authorities, artists and diverse experts by experience, End Hunger represents a national effort to galvanise public and policy attention to evidently large numbers of people struggling to afford adequate food. We don’t know how large; one panel discussed the ongoing Bill to measure food insecurity nationally via the ONS Living Costs and Food Survey. As in the US and Canada, it is hoped such monitoring would give a more robust sense of the scale and severity of UK food poverty, to be tracked against changes including Universal Credit rollout and Brexit.
Power of stories and frames
A key theme of the day, however, was the power of stories and images over stats in capturing public and policy attention to food poverty, its causes and solutions. A collaborative photo exhibition, ‘Behind Closed Doors’, has toured the UK with portraits and research into experiences of food insecurity, some displayed at the conference and ending in the House of Commons. We heard young poets recite moving submissions to a recent poetry competition. The Food Foundation are collecting submissions of lived experiences towards their Children’s Future Food Inquiry, while the Independent Food Aid Network (IFAN) aim to build an online Story Bank of lived experiences of food insecurity.
A panel led by Church Action on Poverty reported research by JRF and the FrameWorks Institute into effective ways to shift public discourse about poverty. Countering individualising, blame-and-shame accounts requires keying into commonly-held beliefs about the injustice of poverty and government’s responsibility to protect against it, using well-chosen examples and stories rather than relying on numbers alone. While the Right to Food has been a feature of End Hunger UK’s campaign, it was recognised that rights are collective, predicated upon access to a food commons, and requiring the focused coordination of diverse claims and voices.
Destitution by design?
During a week when the piecemeal, problem-beset rollout of Universal Credit hit headlines, the impact of welfare reform on food security was high on the agenda. End Hunger UK are running a petition calling upon ministers to #FixUniversalCredit, from the transition phase that leads recipients into debt, destitution and food bank reliance, to its long-term commitment to ensuring adequate incomes. Following the work and pensions secretary’s admission that Universal Credit is likely to reduce some recipients’ incomes, the latter appears unlikely. Nadhim Zahawi, Minister for Children and Families, repeated to a conference panel on preventing child hunger the oft-heard assurance that work is the best route out of poverty, a point contested by Ann Jones of the Women’s Institute, who pointed out the lack of well-paid work, and decent transport to access it, in her home county, Ceredigion. While Universal Credit has indeed pushed people from benefits into work, whether this work adequately affords families a decent diet, let alone a thriving existence, remains far less clear. Returning to the need for convincing narratives, the FrameWorks Institute have pointed out that welfare systems are designed for certain purposes. We can design systems to protect everyone against poverty and hunger, and build in ways to deal with potential errors. That ministers have gone some way to addressing these glaring errors suggests the need and potential for continued public engagement and pressure.
2018 saw the launch of food poverty alliances in Greater Manchester and Sheffield. Coordinated by Sustain’s Food Power programme, partnership structures have been forming around the UK to ask how food poverty might be addressed at local and regional levels. The End Hunger UK gathering therefore required us to think about scales of responsibility for preventing poverty. I heard discussions about how local networks of food banks might better share their food supplies as demand increases. It was encouraging to hear food bank leaders discuss exit strategies over the next few years, but my research in the US and Canada suggests that despite a commonly-expressed desire to ‘do ourselves out of a job’, the infrastructural expansion and normalisation of corporate-backed food charity in the absence of wealth-distributive politics has meant exit strategies largely remaining words only. Community Food Centres Canada offer resources for turning your food bank into a force for transformative change.
Some alliances expressed frustration at local authorities producing poverty strategies yet lacking any funds to turn aims into actions. Public health workers have conducted needs assessments and written proposals that end up ignored by senior colleagues. Yet, affecting national government and company policies that affect benefit and wage levels felt too tough a goal for many of the local alliances I spoke to. End Hunger UK, then, provides one lens through which to target a palpable collective anger. Another potential shared voice was offered by the school students of Blackburn with Darwen who have been organising as part of Food Power’s efforts to involve experts by experience in campaigning. The girls, who shared their stories for a short film, are launching a campaign Darwen Gets Hangry, which they hope will encourage others to turn their own experiences of shame and guilt about being food-poor- or ‘hangry’- into something collective and targeted that can spread to other parts of the UK.
The girls shared a panel with a group of asylum seekers from Luton who are also part of End Hunger UK, who formed a growing group after seeking Red Cross food parcels and now cook their produce as community meals. One lady, still seeking asylum after 16 years, told us she understands why some of the families she meets spend their money on drugs, even before food; they don’t have enough love, she said, or motivation and opportunities. Her expression of shared purpose with the Darwen girls to counter government indifference, gave a hopeful sense that the divisive forces of Brexit and far-right populism might be countered by intersectional struggles of solidarity against the erosion of public entitlements and the human right to decent food.